Data Encryption Basics

posted on May 14, 2021

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Encryption is a security method in which information is encoded in such a way that only authorized user can read it. It uses encryption algorithm to generate ciphertext that can only be read if decrypted.

Types of Encryption
There are two types of encryptions schemes as listed below:

Symmetric Key encryption
Symmetric key encryption algorithm uses same cryptographic keys for both encryption and decryption of cipher text.

internet-symmetric_key_cryptography

Public Key encryption
Public key encryption algorithm uses pair of keys, one of which is a secret key and one of which is public. These two keys are mathematically linked with each other.

internet-public_key_cryptography

Hashing
In terms of security, hashing is a technique used to encrypt data and generate unpredictable hash values. It is the hash function that generates the hash code, which helps to protect the security of transmission from unauthorized users.

Hash function algorithms
Hashing algorithm provides a way to verify that the message received is the same as the message sent. It can take a plain text message as input and then computes a value based on that message.

Key Points

  • The length of computed value is much shorter than the original message.
  • It is possible that different plain text messages could generate the same value.

Here we will discuss a sample hashing algorithm in which we will multiply the number of a’s, e’s and h’s in the message and will then add the number of o’s to this value.

For example, the message is “ the combination to the safe is two, seven, thirty-five”. The hash of this message, using our simple hashing algorithm is as follows:

    2 x 6 x 3 ) + 4 = 40

The hash of this message is sent to John with cipher text. After he decrypts the message, he computes its hash value using the agreed upon hashing algorithm. If the hash value sent by Bob doesn’t match the hash value of decrypted message, John will know that the message has been altered.

For example, John received a hash value of 17 and decrypted a message Bob has sent as “You are being followed, use backroads, hurry”

He could conclude the message had been altered, this is because the hash value of the message he received is:

    (3x4x1)+4 = 16

You should know that quality web hosting companies like LiquidWeb use high level of encryption in order to make he most secure environment for your website.

Blade Servers vs Rack Servers vs Tower Servers

posted on May 12, 2021

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Servers come in several different configurations. In the data center, decisions about blade server vs. rack server vs. tower server will affect performance, data center space, budgets, and scalability.

This article is a quick start guide to rack servers, blade servers, tower servers: how to understand their advantages and shortcomings, and how each type fits into your server requirements.
server

Before we go in-depth, let’s look at a quick summary of each:

  • Rack servers are mounted on standardized racks that can reach 10 feet in height, allowing the data center to efficiently deploy dozens of rack-mounted servers.
  • Blade servers are small circuit boards that act as servers within their server enclosure; they are an excellent choice for high processing power in a dense environment.
  • Tower servers come with the capacity for high optimization and customization, allowing organizations to match the server configuration to their needs.


What Is a Rack Server?

A rack server is a server mounted inside a rack. Rack servers are typically general-purpose servers that support a broad range of applications and computing infrastructure. The racks stack servers vertically to save data center floor space. The more equipment that admins can stack vertically, the more equipment they can house.

Standardized racks are measured in units (U’s) that are 1.75 inches tall and 19 inches wide. Rack servers fit into these dimensions by vertical multipliers, meaning that rack server heights may be 1U, 4U, 10U, or higher, like the 10 foot tall 70U rack that came out in 2016. Additional devices are also manufactured to fit the rack unit standard, so companies can make use of empty units in their racks.
Blade vs. Rack vs. Tower Servers

Rack Server Pros

• Self-contained: Each rack server has everything necessary to run as a stand-alone or networked system: its own power source, CPU, and memory. This enables rack servers to run intensive computing operations.

• Efficiency: Rack-mounted servers and other computing devices mke highly efficient use of limited data center space. Rack servers can be easily expanded with additional memory, storage, and processors. And it’s physically simple to hot-swap rack servers if admins have shared or clustered the server data for redundancy.

• Cost-effective: Smaller deployments offer management and energy efficiency at lower cost.
Rack Server Cons

• Power usage: Densely populated racks require more cooling units, which raises energy costs. Large numbers of rack servers will raise energy needs overall.

• Maintenance: Dense racks require more troubleshooting and management time.

What Is a Blade Server?

A blade server is a server enclosure that houses multiple modular circuit boards called server blades. Most blade servers are stripped down to CPUs, network controllers, and memory. Some have internal storage drives. Any other components—like switches, ports, and power connectors—are shared through the chassis.

The enclosures typically fit rack unit measurements, which allows IT to save space. Admins can cluster blades or manage and operate each individually as its own separate server, such as assigning applications and end-users to specific blades. Their modular architecture supports hot swaps. Blades have small external handles, so it’s a simple matter to pull out or replace them.

Blade servers have high processing power to serve complex computing needs. They can scale to high performance levels, if the data center has enough cooling and energy to support the dense infrastructure.

Blade Server Pros

• Low energy spend: Instead of powering and cooling multiple servers in separate racks, the chassis supplies power to multiple blade servers. This reduces energy spend.

• Processing Power: Blade servers provide high processing power while taking up minimal space.

• Multi-Purpose: They can host primary operating systems and hypervisors, databases, applications, web services, and other enterprise-level processes and applications.

• Availability: The blade server environment simplifies centralized monitoring and maintenance, load balancing, and clustered failover. Hot swapping also helps to increase system availability.
Blade Server Cons

• Upfront costs: Over time, operating expenses are reasonable thanks to simplified management interfaces and lower energy usage. However, initial capital, deployment, and configuration costs can be high.

• Energy costs: High density blade servers require advanced climate control. Heating, cooling, and ventilation are all necessary expenditures in order to maintain blade server performance.

What Is a Tower Server?


Tower servers are servers in a stand-alone chassis configuration. They are manufactured with minimal components and software, so mid-size and enterprise customers can heavily customize the servers for specific tasks. For example, tower servers usually do not come with additional components like advanced graphic cards, high RAM, or peripherals.

Tower servers are typically targeted to customers who want to customize their servers and maintain a customized upgrade path. For example, customers can configure tower servers as general-purpose servers, communication servers, web servers, or network servers that integrate using HTTP protocols. Buyers may order the customization they need, or do it themselves when the tower server is shipped to their site. Another usage case is a smaller business that needs a single powerful server to run multiple processes and applications.

Externally they resemble desktop towers, and—like desktops—they do not share input devices. Multiple tower installations will require separate keyboards, mice, and monitors; or switches that make it possible to share peripheral devices. They can share network storage like any other type of server.

Tower Server Pros

• Efficient scalability: Tower servers come with minimal configuration, so IT can customize and upgrade them based on business needs. They are less expensive to buy than a fully loaded server.
• Low cooling costs: With their low component density, towers are less expensive to cool than dense racks or blades.

Tower Server Cons

• Upgrade expense. Many customers buy tower servers for the customization and not low capital costs. High-end hardware components and software will raise the ongoing price considerably.

• Large footprint: These servers do not fit in racks and consume data center space. They require opening the enclosure to troubleshoot and add or upgrade internal components.

• Awkward peripheral management: In multiple tower server environments, IT must invest in switches or re-plug external devices into each separate server.

How can I add SSL Certificate in my host when the domain is somewhere else?

posted on May 12, 2021

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The precise answer to the question depends highly on the specific hosting company in use.

But, as general advice, TLS (formerly, SSL) certificates may be installed on any hosting provider (or any server on the Internet) as long as the DNS records point to the server IP address where the HTTPS server is running.

An extra point of confusion is that the company where your domain is registered may be different from where the DNS records are hosted - for consumer services these are typically the same company.

It doesn’t matter who manages your domain names. If your domain name is pointed to your web host (you’ve added the name servers to your domain with your domain registrar), you can install an SSL certificate on your server.

On many hosting providers, you can do it via cPanel or Plesk. In your dashboard, locate the SSL certificates section and import your SSL files. For some servers, you’ll need the OpenSSL utility to configure SSL.

The most important things to when you buy hosting and you expect security and performance

posted on May 11, 2021

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We exist in the era of the internet. You'll eventually find yourself in a position where you'll need to think about expanding your online presence. That's when you'll want to think about using a web hosting service.The most important thing that u keep in your mind when you are the buying a web hosting service that is 3S - Speed,Support,Security.

But their the more thing that you can’t ignore or you can say that they are the most important things when you are going to buy a hosting service.so, here are things you should look into before considering a particular service.

1. Pricing

There are a plethora of service providers offering similar services at various rates. Of course, there are a variety of factors that influence these differences in programmes, but you can also look at a few different options before settling on one.

If you're hosting a simple webpage with no expectation of a lot of concurrent traffic or bandwidth, the cheapest service is always the best option. Other features should be considered if you want to host a more complex website.

2.Tech support

Another critical aspect to consider is the provider's level of technical support. For the most part, this is a significant problem. Consider what would happen if your website went down during a high-traffic hour and you had no idea why or how to fix it quickly.

Of course, guides are still available for assistance, but nothing beats getting a real person you can speak to and ask for help. This is guaranteed by the majority of services. As a result, you must ensure that you are not being duped.There are a few things you should consider. Are they, for example, available 24 hours a day, seven days a week? Is this a toll-free number?

3.Control panel

The control panel is the user interface from which you can manage and control your website. It's yet another feature provided by your web hosting company, and you can make certain you're having the best control panels possible.If the control panel is too complicated for you and you have to call the hosting company every time you need to make a minor adjustment, it might be a major hassle.

As a result, confirm that your service provider uses cPanel, Plesk, or a similar platform. At the very least, make sure the control panel isn't difficult to understand.

4.Shared vs private

This is something else to think about. What kind of hosting do you require? You'll probably be fine with a shared hosting service if you only want to host a basic show webpage. They are less expensive and, for the most part, easier to use and manage.

A shared hosting service is similar to sharing a personal computer in that it allows you to share a server with a variety of other website owners. Private hosting, on the other hand, is needed if you choose to host a more professional or complicated website.

They are more difficult to deal with and cost more, but that is the price you pay for more professional hosting.

5.Hardware

This part does not matter much to most of us because we're looking to host small webpages with low to medium traffic and predictable bandwidth. However, when the size of your web project grows and you'll need to do more than just view pages, you'll need to start thinking about hardware.

CPUs, GPUs, RAMs, and storage (Solid State Drive vs SATA) are only a couple of the factors to consider. How much computation is needed by your web application? And what kind of foot traffic do you anticipate? These are the things you should think about ahead of time.

6.Backup

This is an important function. Consider what would happen if all of your website blogs, tweets, and other data were accidentally removed. Most service providers strive to make their services extremely dependable, but incidents are unavoidable.

You might, for instance, delete content by mistake. In any case, the majority of reputable web hosting companies have a reliable backup service. You must ensure that yours does as well. Inquire about your potential provider's disaster recovery plan. One hosting company, A Small Orange, for example, offers free regular automatic backups.

7.Email features

This is another feature to think about. What functionality does the email service provider guarantee? Regardless of what you might have heard or read about social media replacing the function of web email, believe me when I say that email will continue to play a significant role in your online presence.

You must ensure that the email service you receive with your hosting includes essential features such as spam control and time travel. Many providers, for example, have unrestricted email forwarding and auto response services. It's always a good idea to check with the provider first.

8.Scalability

This is yet another important factor to consider when planning your company. If your company is expanding, you should expect your online presence to expand as well. And as your web presence grows, you'll need to update your service. Anything from your hardware to tech support is included.

Anyway, some providers, such as Interserver, provide automatic scalability, which means that if the current system can't manage the incoming traffic/bandwidth, it will be automatically upgraded. In any case, you can check to see what kind of scalability services your provider provides.

What is LogicMonitor?

posted on May 10, 2021

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LogicMonitor is a fast option for getting a server monitoring infrastructure up and running. A key differentiator for the platform is its automated discovery feature, which uses different protocols to rapidly find devices and applications so they can be monitored.

LogicMonitor has both on-premises capabilities for servers as well as hypervisors and cloud deployments.

Monitoring templates are another core capability in the LogicMonitor platform providing administrators with a pre-configured set of items that other organizations are monitoring for a given server or application. While in the past some organizations have expressed concern about the platform user reporting module, though overall the platform is well regarded as a solid server and infrastructure monitoring tool.
Service Description

LogicMonitor uses over 20 standard protocols to identify a given device so it can be onboarded for monitoring.

The platform provides insights into app availability, end user experience and performance metrics for the entire IT infrastructure, including servers, virtual machines, storage databases and apps.
LogicMonitor Pros and Cons

Pros:

LogicMonitor is primarily cloud-based, so it’s easy to setup and scale to serve the needs of growing businesses. Any organization looking to rapidly deploy and benefit from server and infrastructure monitoring will find LogicMonitor to be a valuable tool.

The vendor offers multiple forms of support and training materials to get teams up and running and using the tool efficiently. Support varies based on the subscription tier. Community forums, online documents and product training videos are available to all users. Pro users get chat and email-based support and onboarding support, while enterprise also gets phone support.

Cons:

While there are many benefits to using a cloud-based or hybrid cloud server monitoring platform, it can also cause issues. LogicMonitor requires an Internet connection to operate. So any Internet outages will block your ability to monitor servers.
LogicMonitor Features

Automated Deployment:

Collector technology makes use of industry-standard protocols to deploy and monitor devices.

Real-Time Performance Metrics:


For servers, LogicMonitor tracks multiple metrics including Application Requests/Sec, average and Peak Response Times and Latency, as well as CPU and Memory Utilization.

Customizable Dashboard:


The LogicMonitor dashboard can be easily adjusted by administrators to display different data sets.

Alert Escalation Chains:

To make sure alerts of different severity reach the right people, admins can create escalation chains that designate certain types of alerts classifications to the appropriate staff member within the organization. Different alert rules can be configured to identify which escalation chain to use for different devices.

Reporting:

Full reporting capabilities on performance metrics, alerts and utilization.

How Much Does LogicMonitor Cost?


LogicMonitor pricing varies depending on each organization’s specific needs and you will need to contact the vendor for a custom quote. However, it offers two general editions of the platform: Pro and Enterprise.

  • The Pro edition gives full access to the platform’s cloud-based infrastructure. The plan supports up to 199 devices.
  • The Enterprise edition is boosted with the inclusion of more AI-based capabilities, including root cause analysis, dynamic thresholds, forecasting, and more. This plan supports more than 200 devices.

 

Why and When to Upgrade Servers

posted on May 10, 2021

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Like any other asset or device, servers depreciate over time and malfunction when you least expect it. The good news: we know why and when to upgrade servers.

Most upgrades can be divided into two buckets, upgrading to the newest technology and replacing existing servers for business continuity. Server complications can be anything from performance decay to limited disk space and an ended warranty. Either way, server administrators are responsible for maintaining and maximizing the technology that fuels our organizations.

We dive into the life of our high-powered computing friends and the multitude of reasons it might be time to consider upgrading your servers.

The Life of a Server

Servers, sadly, have not been designed to live forever. Technical management like part replacement and regular upgrades can extend the server life, but, in the end, servers typically only last 3-5 years. Depreciation and hardware life cycle play a role, but so does the RAID storage configuration. By adding hard drives, the life expectancy is diminished by almost half.

Adopting an equipment lifecycle management and recycling protocol only helps ease the process of upgrading to the next server.

Should I Upgrade My Server?

Servers are critical resources to business continuity, and their health should be a priority for any managing administrators. We run through the gamut of reasons why and when you’ll want to upgrade your server.

Business Continuity Value


Servers are arguably the most critical component of any organization. As the engines that store data, maintain performance, connect, and protect, their continued performance is essential to business continuity.

We start with this because it is a bit of a catch-all for the remaining reasons to upgrade. If any high-priority server seems at risk of malfunctioning, plan accordingly, knowing the consequences can mean extended downtime, security vulnerabilities, and more.

Up-To-Date Technology

A popular reason for organizations and firms to upgrade is the demand for the newest features servers can offer. The practice by manufacturers of releasing hardware and software in unique cycles presents a struggle no organization can fully control.

A current organization server might have another year or two before its expected end-of-life. During that time, the server will continue receiving manufacturer updates, but the newest server hardware might offer required features in-house sooner than later. Best practices for server management here mean that administrators should not upgrade on a whim and only do so with justification.

Server Speed

Server performance declines by 14% annually, which means that it’s only operating at 40% of its initial performance mark by a server’s fifth year. On the client-side, slow performance can mean lagging operating systems that upend staff and customer expectations. There are ways of improving server speed like enabling caching, HTTP/2, a reverse proxy, and more, but doing so could take time and resources that administrators don’t have.

Disk Space

Inadequate management of disk space can be a recipe for danger. Insufficient free disk space directly affects the server performance and can lead to instability, degradation of the server, or shutdown. As disk space fills, it’s essential to take steps to remove shadow copies, full backups, and logs that aren’t business-critical. Otherwise, upgrading for additional disk space is an inherent part of maintaining and scaling a business.

Server Noise

While servers are inherently loud, there is a bar to the cacophony. Server administrators will be most familiar with irregular noise and should take prompt action to identify the source. From the rack’s frame to servers and their complementary parts, all depreciate over time, and the wear and tear could result in obstructed movement within the rack. Finding the noise source can inform the following steps to replace a damaged or malfunctioning server or other server rack component.

Expired Machinery

Servers that reached their manufacturer warranty can be both a security risk to your infrastructure and costly. Without an extended warranty of upgrade, devices disconnect from their manufacturer support, including critical updates and servicing. Continued manufacturer updates can be the difference between your server catching the newest malware strain and sitting pretty. Add on the potential cost of contracting a technician to service the machine, and the cost-benefit analysis could’ve told you to upgrade sooner.

Cost-Benefit Analysis


For the budget-minded, the task is simple: does the cost of maintaining or updating the current server outweigh the benefits of upgrading to a new server? Many of the other reasons listed are attached to the cost-benefit analysis because server performance directly affects business performance. If the price weren’t a factor, organizations wouldn’t hesitate to upgrade. Because the cost is essential, organizations try to maximize the lives of servers and, when needed, upgrade accordingly.

Resource Intensive Servers

Do you know that server that seems to be causing timeouts and needs additional attention consistently? It’s a server that, for little identified reason, is wasting valuable organizational resources. Not as visible to staff and customers, server managers who work with a suite of machines can recognize which need regular attention. If no other reason is listed, the organization should consider upgrading to a new server or seeking technical support.

Upgrading: A time and place for everything


Whether you’ve waited long enough, developed a personal relationship with your server, or feel like the extra noise means it’s doing hard work, it might be time to consider an upgrade.

There is a time and place for everything, including an upgrade. With server management best practices, your organization should be able to inspect server health regularly and forecast servicing and end-of-life plans. When problems arise along the way, it’s always best to prepare for the worst and be ready to upgrade. The consequences of waiting are too significant a risk.

Mixed content blocking in Firefox

posted on May 9, 2021

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Firefox protects you from attacks by blocking potentially harmful, insecure content on web pages that are supposed to be secure. Keep reading to learn more about mixed content and how to tell if Firefox has blocked it.

What is mixed content and what are the risks?

HTTP is a system for transmitting information from a web server to your browser. HTTP is not secure, so when you visit a page served over HTTP, your connection is open for eavesdropping and man-in-the-middle attacks. Most websites are served over HTTP because they don't involve passing sensitive information back and forth and do not need to be secured.

When you visit a page fully transmitted over HTTPS, such as your bank, you'll see a padlock icon Fx70GreyPadlock in the address bar (for details, see How do I tell if my connection to a website is secure?). This means that your connection is authenticated and encrypted, and thus safeguarded from both eavesdroppers and man-in-the-middle attacks.

However, if the HTTPS page you visit includes HTTP content, the HTTP portion can be read or modified by attackers, even though the main page is served over HTTPS. When an HTTPS page has HTTP content, we call that content “mixed”. The page you are visiting is only partially encrypted and even though it appears to be secure, it isn't.

How can I tell if a page has mixed content?

There are two types of mixed content: mixed passive/display content and mixed active content. The difference lies in the threat level. Look for a padlock icon in your address bar to determine whether the page has mixed content.

No mixed content: secure


You’ll see a gray padlock when you are on a fully secure (HTTPS) page. To see if Firefox has blocked parts of the page that are not secure, click the gray padlock. For more information, see the Unblock mixed content section below.

Mixed content is not blocked: not secure

If you see a padlock with a red line over it, the page contains mixed active content and Firefox is not blocking insecure elements. That page is open to eavesdropping and attacks where your personal data from the site could be stolen. Unless you’ve unblocked mixed content using the instructions in the next section, you shouldn’t see this icon on a secure (HTTPS) website. Note: A padlock with a red line is also shown on unencrypted (HTTP or FTP) websites.

A padlock with a triangle indicates that Firefox is not blocking insecure passive content, such as images. By default, Firefox does not block mixed passive content; you will simply see a warning that the page isn't fully secure. Attackers may be able to manipulate parts of the page like displaying misleading or inappropriate content, but they should not be able to steal your personal data from the site. For your security, you may ask your web hosting service provider for assistance with such issues.

Unblock mixed content

Unblocking insecure elements is not recommended but can be done, if necessary:

  1. Click the padlock icon Fx70GreyPadlock in the address bar.
  2. Click the arrow in the Site Information panel
  3. Click Disable protection for now

To enable protection, follow the preceding steps and click Enable protection

Should I get my SSL certificate from host service or domain registrar?

posted on May 9, 2021

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Whether you get your SSL Certificate from a hosting service provider or a domain registrar, won’t make any difference to your website in terms of security. A $6.99 dollar per year SSL Certificate protects your users’ data the same way a $344.99 per year does. The big disparity in prices is due to additional features that come with more expensive SSL Certificates. The famous green bar, the dynamic site seal, and the brand equity are just a few factors that contribute to a higher price.

Many reputable hosting providers and domain registrars offer SSL Certificates as an upsell to their main product. Some are even offering free SSL Certificates for a year when you buy a hosting account or a domain name, tempting you to get the SSL certificate as well. While there is nothing wrong with this selling technique and their SSL certificates, I would question their expertise in dealing with SSL Certificates.

Their main focus, the bread and butter if you wish, will always be selling hosting accounts and web domains, so it’s only natural that they will direct all their resources in providing excellent customer support for hosting and domain issues. Sure, they will offer basic support for SSL Certificates as well, but what if you need extensive assistance in installing and configuring them on a specific server? Wouldn’t it be better to get an SSL Certificate from a company that deals exclusively with them?

There are many trustworthy SSL Certificate resellers on the market. Take for instance SSL Dragon. This company is relatively new to the SSL industry, but already a rising star. They cover the whole spectrum of SSL Certificates and work closely with various Certificate Authorities to bring you the best SSL price and solution. Finally, and most importantly, SSL Dragon provides five-star customer service via online live chat and ticketing system. Check them out before getting your SSL Certificate.

What is Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)?

posted on April 26, 2021

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SSL is a security protocol that assures users that the connection between their computer and the site they are visiting is secure. During a connection, lots of information passes between two computers, including what may be highly confidential data such as credit card numbers, user identification numbers or even passwords.

Under normal circumstances, this data is sent in plain text, which means that if the connection were to be intercepted by a third party, that data could be stolen. SSL prevents this by mandating an encryption algorithm to be used during the connection on both ends.

The padlock, or green padlock icon has become an assurance indicator to users that the website they are visiting takes their security seriously.

Types of SSL Certificates

Although all SSL certificates are designed for the same purpose, not all are equal. Think of it like buying a phone. All phones are basically designed to do the same thing, but there are different companies that manufacture them and produce many different models at varying price points.

To simplify the matters, we break down the SSL Certificate types by level of trust.

1. Domain Validated (DV) Certificate


Among SSL Certificates, the Domain Validated Certificate is the most basic and simply assures users that the site is safe. There is not much detail except for that simple fact and many security organizations do not recommend using Domain Validated Certificates for websites that deal in commercial transactions. The Domain Validated Certificate is the budget smartphone of the SSL world.

2. Organization Validated (OV) Certificate

Organizational Certificates holders are more stringently vetted are by CAs than Domain Validated Certificate holders. In fact, the owners of these certificates are authenticated by dedicated staff who validate them against government-run business registries. OV Certificates contain information about the business holding them and are often used on commercial websites and represent the midrange smartphones of the SSL world.

3. Extended Validation (EV) Certificate

Representing the highest level of trust in SSL rankings, EV Certificates are opted for by the best of the best and extremely stringently vetted. By opting to use EV Certificates, these websites are buying deeply into consumer trust. These are the iPhoneX of the SSL world.

The fact that SSL Certification has become so highly recommended today, many fraud websites have also taken to using SSL. After all, there is little difference to the websites, except for the green certification padlock. This is the key reason more reputable organizations are going for SSL Certification that are more highly vetted.

Where to Get SSL Certificates?

To get a SSL certificate, you need to go to a Certificate Authorities (CA).

Certificate Authorities (CA) are like private security companies. They are the ones who issue digital certificates that facilitate the SSL establishment process. They also belong to a limited list of businesses that meet detailed criteria to maintain their place on that list. CAs who maintain their place on that list can issue SSL Certificates –  so the list is exclusive.

The process is not quite as simple as it sounds, since before a certificate can be issued, the CA must check the identity of the website applying for it. The level of detail in those checks depend on what type of SSL is being applied for.
What makes a Certificate Authority (CA) great?

The best CA is one who has been in the business for some time and follows best practices in business, not only for itself but also for any partners associated with the business. Ideally, they should also be able to demonstrate proven expertise in the field.

Look for a CA that stays up to current standards, are actively involved in the security industry and has as many resources as possible that support their customers. The hosting service provider should be able to assist you.

A good CA would also:

  •     Have reasonably short validation times
  •     Be easily accessible to its customers
  •     Have great support
How to Install a SSL Certificate?

SSL Installation for cPanel
  • Under ‘Security’ options, click on ‘SSL/TLS Manager’
  • Under ‘Install and Manage SSL’, select ‘Manage SSL Sites’
  • Copy your certificate code including —–BEGIN CERTIFICATE—– and —–END CERTIFICATE—– and paste it into the “Certificate: (CRT)” field.
  • Click ‘Autofill by Certificate’
  • Copy and paste the chain of intermediate certificates (CA Bundle) into the box under Certificate Authority Bundle (CABUNDLE)
  • Click ‘Install Certificate’

SSL Installation for Plesk
  • Go to the Websites & Domains tab and choose which domain you’d like to install the certificate for.
  • Click ‘Secure Your Sites’
  • Under the ‘Upload Certificate Files’ segment, click ‘Browse’ and choose the certificate and the CA bundle files necessary.
  • Click ‘Send Files’
  • Go back to ‘Websites & Domains’ then click on ‘Hosting settings’ for the domain you’re installing the certificate on.
  • Under ‘Security’, there should be a drop-down menu for you to select the certificate.
  • Ensure the ‘SSL Support’ box is checked.
  • Make sure you click ‘OK’ to save changes

To validate if your installation was successful, you can use this free SSL validation tool.

Web Hosting Add-ons

posted on April 12, 2021

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Many companies have diversified their product and service offerings that they have outgrown their business classification. Web hosting companies, for example, are no longer just web hosting service providers nowadays. They offer several other related services that many of them can already become one-stop shops for those who want to create and operate their blogs or websites. The following are some of the most important services web hosting companies are offering:

1. Website Builder

Website builders are usually not a paid service but it’s something worth including in this list. Many web hosts now provide simplified or sophisticated website builders that allow customers to quickly create their sites right after subscribing to a web hosting plan. Many want to create their own sites as quickly as possible with minimal need to understand the technicalities. Web hosting companies apparently acknowledge this, that’s why many are now offering website builders. Even better, there are companies such as Weebly and Wix that actually use the free website builder service as the “bait” for customers. They offer customers the opportunity to create their professional-looking websites for free, and in turn, offer provide reliable hosting (for a fee) for the site.

2. Web Design

This is different from website builders. There are web hosting companies that actually provide professional web hosting services. These web design services are usually intended for those who are availing of a web hosting package and are in need for a design upgrade. Their sites may have to be overhauled to take advantage of new technologies or the new features of the web hosting package. Sometimes, it is advantageous to use the web design services of a web host because they likely have already mastered how to optimize a site’s design for the hosting they offer. They can provide advice on what to do and what not to do to ensure that the resulting website performs at its optimum.

3. Domain Name Registration

Domain name registration is one of the earliest related services web hosts have been offering. There have been many companies that conveniently bundle domain names with their web hosting packages. There are also those that provide the service separately. Most of them specialize in domain names for their specific country or region. A web host based in the UK, for example, offers .uk and .london domain names. Moreover, in years, there have been web hosts that are already able to register the new top level domain names such as .cafe, .restaurant, .club, and .store.

4. SSL Certificate

There are also web hosts that help website owners secure their sites through SSL certificates. The web hosts are not the ones granting these certificates. They simply help obtain them from trusted certificate providers such as GeoTrust. Having an SSL certificate means the encryption of sensitive data in a website. This is particularly important for sites that accept user registrations, ecommerce sites or online stores for example. It’s important to have data encrypted to prevent data theft and fraudulent schemes such a phishing. SSL certificates may be offered in different ways. It could be basic entry-level website protection, protection that covers all sites and sub-domains, or protection intended for enterprises. For the uninitiated, SSL certificates are typically manifested by the presence of a “lock” icon on the browser, on the address bar in particular. It’s also worth noting that there are claims that SSL encryption can help raise Google search ranking.

5. Search Engine Optimization


Web hosts haven’t stopped with just putting a website up and running. There are those that have also ventured into search engine optimization (SEO). After providing the solutions to build and operate a blog or website, they also offer services to make sure that the site is competitive in terms of being searched using certain keywords. SEO has many aspects. It’s not just about optimizing the content with the insertion and positioning of certain keywords. Optimization techniques are also implemented in the design of a site. There are do’s and don’t to observe to maximize searchability and avoid getting penalized, especially by Google. Additionally, there’s the link building aspect. Not many web hosts may go as far as undertaking link building campaigns, though.

6. Online Marketing

Although there aren’t that many web hosting companies that offer online marketing solutions, you shouldn’t be surprised to find some that help their hosting clients in promoting their websites. After providing everything needed to start a site, they also offer services to boost the reputation, awareness, and popularity of a site. This can entail something as simple as email marketing or a full-fledged website marketing package that includes SEO and social media marketing. Just a reminder, though, for those who want to try these online marketing solutions: ascertain that the company offering this service has a proven track record

Web hosting companies at present are like modern mobile phones. Everyone still refers to them as “phones” even though they are way more than just phones. The emphasis on phones now are more on their camera, display, battery life, and other features but they are expected to still perform well for their basic phone function. Web hosting companies offer several other important services that allow them to provide virtually everything needed to start and run a site or blog. It’s important, however, not to forget that their hosting services should be reliable, not laden with flaws to be compensated for by the other services being offered.